Essay on Impacts of Airbnb on Urban Housing Markets in America

Published: 2021/12/02
Number of words: 893

The resort business is a full grown and immersed industry that expects firms to keep up with critical overhead, enormous capital property, and brand notoriety to effectively go after fluctuating pieces of the pie. Thus, there is little spot for new contestants in the strongly serious and financially delicate inn industry. Even suppliers can strain hotel companies in specific geographical areas, driving increasing costs and reducing cost advantage. Airbnb characterized itself as a disclosed in local area profitable center for people to catalogue, discover, and reserve interesting amenities throughout this planet on the network or from a digital phone or computer. It permits individuals to lease their rooms or properties as a convenience elective for sightseers through a protected internet-based stage. The organization’s mission is to make an existence where individuals can have a place anyplace they travel, interfacing with nearby societies and getting a charge out of extraordinary travel encounters. This study discusses the impacts of Airbnb on Housing Markets in America.

A different American investigation discovered that a 1% increment in Airbnb postings prompts a 0.018% increment in rents and 0.026% increment in house costs. It probably will not seem like much on a superficial level; however, there’s an expense creep for those hoping to lease long haul. The supposed Airbnb impact on nearby real estate markets has turned into a significant wellspring of concern, particularly in regards to its consequences for lodging stock, costs, and networks.

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This network is well-known for providing access to vacation rentals ranging from single rooms to full houses, all of which vary in quality and budget and provide distinct experiences from a resort. Then there are obvious financial advantages for regional industries that would profit from an influx in travelers aided by a greater variety of cheap and accessible vacation options. Landlords and property owners profit as well, as transforming their apartments and buildings into relatively brief rentals can provide an additional source of income.

However, the influence of Airbnb’s administration on native economies plus property marketplaces has been highlighted in recent years. The Economic Policy Institute, an organization in the United States, concluded that the financial expenses on Airbnb certainly overshadow the advantages (Wegmann et al., 2017). Whereas this launch and spread of Airbnb in capitals across the globe has significant economic potential, the expenses to tenants and local governments are likely to outweigh the advantages to tourists and landlords. Local housing costs have increased due to Airbnb; this is an essential issue for many families in the United States. There is a reduced supply of housing for residents to serving Airbnb tourists; this hurts the residents by increasing the housing costs.

Individuals’ desire for a place to live does not decrease as inflation rises; even small adjustments in housing supply can cause critical cost increment. In New York City, the presentation and development of Airbnb have resulted in an increment in rent by almost $400 per annum, according to a current study. Low minimum wages lead to many families being homeless, which leads to high rates of crime. Many of the homeless are also unemployed, which in turn brings forth a high rate of poverty. Since 2000, housing costs have risen altogether faster than overall costs, representing an excess of 15% of by and large family utilization uses.

In addition, increased tourism has a far smaller impact on city economies than is usually assumed (Gurran et al., 2017). There is little proof that urban areas with an expanding supply of transient Airbnb rental facilities see an enormous expansion in explorers. Facilities provided through Airbnb appear to be an almost unadulterated replacement for different types of convenience. Around 5% of the people utilizing Airbnb state would not have gone on the getaway were Airbnb properties inaccessible, according to a recent study. Studies asserting that Airbnb is supporting a ton of monetary movement exaggerate the impact since they neglect to represent how much of this spending would have been done at any rate by tourists remaining in resorts or other elective facilities missing the Airbnb choice.

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Furthermore, Airbnb’s ability to cut the transaction costs of conducting short-term rentals benefits property owners, but the winners are predominately white and high-wealth individuals. Property ownership wealth is skewed, with higher-income and white households having a disproportionate amount of additional affordable housing supply an even greater portion of affordable housing supply from non-primary residences because they are far more likely to own non-primary residential property.

In conclusion, it would be a misstep to say all business sectors are equivalent. Yet, real estate markets in America have a financial cousin on the other side of the Atlantic, plus for the capital with the globe’s biggest sum of Airbnb postings, it ought to be a red flag. Maybe Airbnb is only a hint of something larger, where an unforgiving way to deal with landowners and an absence of government ability to follow through on their home structure guarantees are the greater part of the issue that is setting up Airbnb as the apparent, handily designated issue.


Gurran, N., & Phibbs, P. (2017). When tourists move in: how should urban planners respond to Airbnb?. Journal of the American planning association, 83(1), 80-92.

Wegmann, J., & Jiao, J. (2017). Taming Airbnb: Toward guiding principles for local regulation of urban vacation rentals based on empirical results from five US cities. Land use policy, 69, 494-501.

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