Essay on Healthcare

Published: 2021/11/12
Number of words: 770

Diabetes mellitus is a series of metabolic conditions attributed to hyperglycemia and majorly caused by defects and complications in insulin secretion or the actions caused by the insulin Petersmann et al ., (2019). The body is therefore unable to regulate the number of blood sugars effectively. Since the defects in insulin reduce the ability of blood to remove the excess unwanted glucose in the blood system, there is no enough energy in the cells, which makes individuals suffering from diabetes mellitus weak. There are two types of diabetes, type 1 diabetes, where individuals do not produce enough insulin, or type 2 diabetes, where a body cannot use the insulin properly, or both.

The most predominant symptoms of diabetes mellitus are excessive thirst and persistent dry mouth. People with diabetes experience excessive thirst when the blood glucose levels rise, and the kidney has to produce more urine to remove excess glucose in the blood. There is frequent urination attributed to the kidneys’ effort to remove excess blood sugars. Additionally, individuals with diabetes may experience polyphagia or excessive hunger because glucose cannot enter the cell for energy use Pawar et al., (2017). Fatigue and irritability may also be experienced as the body creates an immune system to combat diabetes.

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Stress is an emotional or physically strenuous situation that results to worry and anxiety. Usually, stress adversely affects an individual’s ability to control diabetes because stress hormones directly affect the body’s glucose levels. Adrenaline production causes respiratory rates to increase; this process requires glucose for energy. Suppose an individual has diabetes and cannot convert glucose into energy; it accumulates in the bloodstream causing blood sugars to rise and thus increase and worsen the people with diabetes in the victim’s body.

The right ventricle pumps the de-oxygenated blood to the lungs via the pulmonary valve. Oxygenated blood from the lungs enters the heart via the left atrium and is pumped to the left ventricle through the mitral valve. The oxygenated blood is then pumped to the rest of the body parts by the left ventricle via the aortic valve.

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Cardiovascular diseases are the disorders and dysfunctions of the heart and blood vessels, such as coronary heart disease. Regular exercises help prevent heart diseases as it lowers the blood pressure and cholesterol surrounding the heart which may cause heart failure. Avoiding smoking tobaccos also helps in reducing the chances of heart disease because it keeps the heart free and safe from aerosol particles Kamimura et al ., (2018). Consuming of healthy diet boosts good cholesterol and reduces fatal triglycerides, which may cause heart failure. Regular checkups for cardiovascular diseases also help reduce heart diseases as early diagnosis may help treat the disease. People should also limit their presence in congregations where air ventilation is poor to avoid tuberculosis, increasing the risk of developing coronary heart disease.

Healthy lifestyles such where individuals consume food with low cholesterol, such as vegetables and fruits, low-fat dairy foods, should be embraced Bechthold et al ., (2019). In addition, individuals should quit smoking and instead adopt regular exercises which will break down the cholesterol depositions around the heart chamber and thus reduce the chances of cardiovascular disease. Exercises also help individuals to remain at a healthy weight. In a scenario where individuals must congregate, a well-established air ventilation system should be embraced to ensure individuals do not get infected by tuberculosis, increasing the chances for cardiovascular disease infection. Finally, regular screening tests should be carried out to individuals to ensure their hearts are disease-free, and in case of a defect, early diagnosis will help treat the complication


Petersmann, A., Müller-Wieland, D., Müller, U. A., Landgraf, R., Nauck, M., Freckmann, G., … & Schleicher, E. (2019). Definition, classification, and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes127(S 01), S1-S7.

Pawar, S. D., Thakur, P., Radhe, B. K., Jadhav, H., Behere, V., & Pagar, V. (2017). The accuracy of polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, and Indian Diabetes Risk Score in adults screened for diabetes mellitus type-II. Medical Journal of Dr. DY Patil University10(3), 263.

Kamimura, D., Cain, L. R., Mentz, R. J., White, W. B., Blaha, M. J., DeFilippis, A. P., … & Hall, M. E. (2018). Cigarette smoking and incident heart failure: insights from the Jackson Heart Study. Circulation137(24), 2572-2582.

Bechthold, A., Boeing, H., Schwedhelm, C., Hoffmann, G., Knüppel, S., Iqbal, K., … & Schwingshackl, L. (2019). Food groups and risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, and heart failure: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. Critical reviews in food science and nutrition59(7), 1071-1090.

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