Essay on H.I.V Infection Prevention Problem

Published: 2022/01/10
Number of words: 1258


It is essential to note that women and children are the most vulnerable groups. The potential risk that might affect patients with H.I.V and Aids from this group includes stigma and discrimination. Nursing teams have various ethical practices and legislations to use in such cases. These elements come under the management of medical ethics, confidentiality and confidentiality legislations (Karthas, 2012). The process is important in protecting H.I.V and Aids patients by providing medical practitioners Knowledge on the impact of confidentiality on patients.

The introduction of Antiretroviral drugs in preventing H.I.V and Aids needs to be seen as a prevention technique not as a vaccine. In other regions, utilization of the drugs relate to provision of vaccines. These drugs serve as vaccines to children against H.I.V infection and as treatment to mothers. Use of Antiretroviral drugs for mothers prevents spread of infection to infants. However, it is ethical for nurses to illustrate to patients that there is a possibility of them contacting anemia. The other ethical consideration relates to an increasing number of orphans because of H.I.V epidemic. Babies born from infected mothers do not live long: this are views of some individuals (Karthas, 2012). This is a misconception. With right procedures, mothers with H.I.V and Aids infection may not infect their children.

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Reasons for the Study

H.I.V and Aids transmission from mother to child has been a cause of death for many infants. Research shows that the epidemic has been a cause of up to 3 million children on the global scene. For this, reasons there is need to have effective prevention procedures to reduce infection spread from mother to Child. The goal is preventing H.I.V infection spread from mother to child. It further concentrates on various means of preventing unwanted pregnancies (Finn, 1998). It concentrates on means of preventing infection spread from mothers living with the virus to their children.

Working in the healthcare systems in the globe-nursing practitioners undergoes various challenges in diagnosing patients living with H.I.V and Aids. By the end of the year 1998, the number of women diagnosed with H.I.V and Aids was low. This shows that opportunities towards reduction of mother to child transmission were low. Since then the nursing fraternity has enforced a number of strategies. The nursing fraternity recommends that counseling and testing becomes part of antenatal care. The nursing fraternity includes working groups of medical persons, Midwifery and Members of the public health laboratory.

The main goal for prevention of H.I.V and Aids transfer from mother to child relies on recommendation testing during antenatal care. However new challenges has evolved in relation to therapy services offered at medical facilities (Pottker-Fishel, 2007). Antiretroviral therapy has been among the best treatment in preventing the spread of the virus. However, a strong dosage of the drug may have an influence on the unborn child. Almost 90% of women diagnosed with H.I.V and Aids reveal that infection came due to sexual interactions.

Since the year 2001, routine H.I.V and Aids, testing has been a routine aspect in Antenatal facilities. This influence has seen a reduction in the number of H.IV and Aids transmission from mother to child. It is therefore imperative to state that improved H.I.V detection has an influence in the reduction of the spread of the virus from mother to child. The Nursing Fraternity needs to restructure its working relations (Karthas, 2012). One of the ways is the development of local as well as multi-disciplinary approach to offering care. The other strategy is strengthening of national networks within every location of the country.

The other challenges that take place in the field increases risks of vertical infection of the virus. One of the challenges that affect the fight of H.I.V and Aids includes the refusal of patients to undergo test. The other challenging aspect is the influence of multi-drug resistant drugs. This influence leads creation of various strategies to limiting the influence of the virus. The nursing fraternity needs to maintain high standards of care to minimize spread of the virus.

Research Methodology

Qualitative research is a technique used by researcher by utilizing data collection instruments in answering why and how events occur. It acts by providing realities on events that are associated with the social aspects of individuals (Pottker-Fishel, 2007). Qualitative research has various contributions to Evidence-based practice in the practice of medicine. This aspect portrays six important contributions to medicine. The first important aspect of Qualitative research is the provision of hypothesis generalization. Validation and development of instruments of study is another important aspect of the study. The other property of the aspect relates to the development of nursing interventions.

Individuals can transform their data questions as situations allows. Qualitative research covers a small group of individuals; this means that researchers are able to capture information with ease. In relation to be disadvantages, Qualitative research usually depends o the skills of the researcher (Finn, 1998). The method of data collection in this form of research makes it expensive in relation to analysis and interpretation.

Sampling strategies

Sampling relates to selecting parameters that helps in fulfilling the needs of a research study. It is the selecting of a portion of the larger group for survey purposes. Probability sampling is the procedure of use by this research. Simple random sampling provides data from mothers and medical practitioners from the country. The focus on technocrats in the government of the country provides details on policy (Karthas, 2012). Simple random sampling has the efficiency of meeting information on research without bias.

The study targets women of childbearing age. This group of women represent above 20 years. The groups eligible for the study are individuals who have either tested for H.I.V and Aids or not. It also includes groups of mothers who visit antenatal clinics. It targets mothers who have children and infected with the Virus. The other target list includes medical practitioners.

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Data Collection

Data collection on the research utilizes questionnaires as a mode of collection. It further focuses on using interviews in concurrence with questionnaires. The questionnaires are self administered to various in various healthcare facilities within the locality. It includes the utilization of face-to face interviews. The process of data collection provides various details on the importance of various aspects on prevention of H.I.V infection from mother to children. Information is gathered using questionnaires (Pottker-Fishel, 2007).

Questionnaires provide data of educated mothers. The researches utilize various teams of individuals who distribute it to prospective locations and individuals. Face-to face procedure of data collection provides important information on various challenges nursing practitioners face in prevention of the Virus. Open-ended questions reveal various attitudes of respondents on their knowledge on prevention of infection from mother to child. In respect to data analysis the research, utilize two strategies. The strategies in use include constant comparative analysis. In respect to this, previous data are analyzed against present findings. The next step of analysis is sampling strategy.


Karthas, N. (2012). When Children Have A.I.D.S.: How To Support The Family. Nursing, 20(11), 32c-32f.

Pottker-Fishel, C. G. (2007). Improper Bedside Manner: Why State Partner Notification Laws Are Ineffective In Controlling The Proliferation Of Hiv. Health Matrix: Journal Of Law-Medicine, 17(1), 147-179.

Finn, L. (1998). It’s for (Y)our Own Good: An Analysis of the Discourses Surrounding Mandatory, Unblinded HIV Testing of Newborns. Journal Of Medical Humanities, 19(2/3), 133-162.

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