Article Summaries: Qualitative and Quantitative Studies on Burnout Among Nurses

Published: 2021/11/04
Number of words: 2551


Article 1

Mundallal et al. (2017) study is qualitative cross-sectional research that took place in Jordan. The research aims to study the degree of burnout among nurses in Jordan and investigate the influence of leaders’ participation in practice on nurses’ burnout to develop nursing work outcomes further. During the information classification interaction, the trauma centre exploratory assistant can answer any questions identified in the search. They welcome the interest of nearly 460 recruited medical nurses, and the response rate is around 88.5%, or 407 out of 460. Jordanian nurses in the research showed some degree of depersonalization, moderate personal accomplishment, and emotional exhaustion. Almost 61% of nurses had an emotional exhaustion score greater than 27 – the extreme cut-off point of emotional exhaustion scored more significant than 13, which is severe.

Despite this, 43% (n = 175) of medical nurses scored low (below 31): this is the tipping point for nurses to perceive low personal accomplishment, indicating significant burnout. The research attempted to identify factors that may affect nurse burnout through a gradual recurrence study (Mundallal et al., 2017). The primary factor for emotional exhaustion is the type of clinic, which suggests that the nursing work environment can play a significant role in nurse burnout.

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The research shows that most Jordanian medical nurses experience an undeniable degree of burnout, reflected by their significant emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and moderate personal accomplishment. Nursing burnout is a global problem. A large number of studies have shown that nurse burnout ranges from mild to severe. The severe burnout of medical nurses in Jordan can be linked to powerless working conditions, such as overwork, shame, lack of assets and control, poor academic support, and uncooperative and uncooperative leaders, all like the personal and social components.

Analysts discussed the impact of LEB, nurses’ working conditions, and nurses’ subdivision qualities on nurse burnout. Highly employed nurses will inevitably cause burnout. Again, the nurses on fixed shifts detailed the higher personal accomplishment levels. This result shows that nurses are on the fixed shift. They tend to be more experienced nurses who contribute more to their work and have more of their jobs (Mundallal et al., 2017)

The burnout levels in the three Jordanian trauma clinics included in the research were completely different: the nurses working in the health ministry clinics had the highest depersonalization and emotional exhaustion levels and the highest personal accomplishment contrast. Indeed, the authoritative attributes of these three areas of health are different. Private trauma centre nurses think their clinics are a good environment because their trauma centre associations are better, support the nature of nursing, academic management and assistance, staff capacity and assets, nurse-patient ratios, and low daily statistical rate (Mundallal et al., 2017). While nursing style, leadership style, and daily enrolment rate are important business-related factors, they are not crucial to nursing burnout in the research. The social protection sector in Jordan faces a shortage of medical nurses because fewer women choose nursing as a career and because nurses leave nursing positions soon after marriage. This has resulted in the expansion of jobs in the department where nurses work.

Article 2

As a characteristic of the clinical group, nurses have to endure this kind of pressure every day. They are prone to total exhaustion, which causes high blood pressure, depression and restlessness. This imminent qualitative survey uses phenomenological methods to assess better the burnout of medical and nursing staff in crisis services. Burnout is a condition described by emotional fatigue, lack of empathy, and lack of self-confidence, leading to various bodies and emotions. Social issues include drug addiction, pain, medical errors, and professional shortcomings as these nurses either investigate different areas of care or call on them internally and externally. This miracle hurt the medical nurse (Rozo et al., 2017). They have experienced dangerous workplaces, heavy labour, long-distance relocations, exposure to terrible accidents, traffic jams, lack of help, brutality and patients with serious injuries, illnesses or injuries. The analysis focused on emergency department nurses experiencing burnout, which affected their well-being and, in general, their satisfaction. While burnout is a recognized miracle in healthcare, further analysis is expected to include the experience of nurses experiencing burnout in the emergency room. After completing the data analysis of each meeting, the analyst began to investigate the meeting code by accumulating the code and topics in all conversations, creating a unified data analysis table and determining typically the themes that appear in data analysis metrics.

Burnout is common in nursing calls. The investigation found that burnout can occur due to poor working conditions, responsibilities and staff, and perceptions of supportive supervision, and nurses continue to leave the emergency room. Additionally, although an emergency department study found that medical nurses have ethical issues when following doctor’s orders, this finding has all the hallmarks that it is driven by the demands of medical nurses they require (Rozo et al., 2017). Medical nurses believe that their work environment is stable in terms of patient safety.

The nurse’s perception of her workplace (internal) and the perception that others have of crisis caregivers (external) can also affect burnout. Internal information completed by emergency nurses includes: Feeling ignored; Due to the extreme work process, the patient’s personality is depersonalized due to disregarding professional assumptions; and there is no time to fulfil their obligations properly. Laura expressed her dissatisfaction with the low level of patient enthusiasm, making her feel like a rewards supervisor. Thomas said stress is essential at work. He also explained that he was not communicating fully with the patient but felt just finishing the job. External opinions include negative attitudes of patients towards medical nurses.

Additionally, patients often do not understand the emergency interactions that cause disappointment, and the patient projects these interactions onto their nurse (Rozo et al., 2017). The cruelty of the work environment is the primary concern of emergency healthcare staff and organizations. Laura described the brutal goals of both patients and collaborators, saying colleagues who worked in the emergency room were ashamed of her.

The nurses in this review described the ethical issues encountered as a component of burnout interactions. These nurses often wonder if they are ready to continue working as emergency room caregivers, switch benefits, or move the phone from inside to outside. Of the five nurses who spoke with, three nurses left the emergency room due to undeniable exhaustion. You will hear bells and whistles. Diane reported that she sometimes needs to move between the staff nurse and the nurse on call during shifts, putting extra pressure on her. Tina, currently an emergency room nurse, spoke about under-performing exercises; effective burnout happens more frequently when understaffed. In the end, they will end up weathering the storm without downtime. When she took on heavy responsibilities, she expressed disappointment at the lack of help. They often have four (patients) but no additional support (Rozo et al., 2017). Thomas described the long periods of movement, constant standing and walking, and the lack of privacy management (e.g., x-rays, CT scans) and supplies as important supporters of the patient’s limitations to help with coordination and stress in the work environment.


Article 3

Burnout is a mental condition linked to stressors at work and personal variables, as shown by Sun et al. (2017). For example, among the fundamental considerations of medical nurses, work overload is the most frequently mentioned stressor related to the work environment; there are few analyses and quantitative studies on the impact of stressors at work on bullying. In this way, our exploration focuses on the overall burden of occupational stressors on nurse burnout to educate the successful prevention of nurse burnout and further improve nurse retention.

Burnout includes lack of excitement at work negative feelings and critical views (depersonalization, PD), (emotional exhaustion, EE) and low personal achievement (PA). Unlike depression, burnout involves the relationship between the individual and his profession. It is usually caused by prolonged exposure to text pressure. Additionally, burnout can lead to adverse outcomes such as clinical errors, self-harm, bereavement, and absences. Nursing involves encountering localized stressors that can cause fatigue and therefore affect the mental health of medical personnel. The medical staff must experience an impressive burnout. The burnout rate for healthcare workers ranges from 32% in Scotland to 54% in the United States (Sun et al., 2017). Caregiver burnout affects the consistency of nurses; moreover, nursing care is insufficient all over the world, remember the United States and Japan. The workspace of medical and nursing staff contains stressors, such as shift work, work pressure, heavy responsibilities, clinical obligations, supervision of patients with underlying illnesses, insufficient blood pressure—help and recognition from relatives and conflicts with managers and partners. IM reflects nursing supervisors or colleagues’ limited disposition and support, conflicts with nursing experts and leaders, and mutual suspicion between partners. For example, healthcare workers who see more patients may face greater responsibilities, time, and relationship conflicts.

Additionally, nurses who endure overloaded shifts are likely to experience emotional instability and mental and physical exhaustion. If the anatomical indicators are relevant, the results of the recurrence survey are based on existing models; they have chosen six units along these lines. The number of nurses in each clinic has exceeded.

The complete example contains 633 nurses; the Nurses Work Stressors Scale examines the stressors that affect nurses and doctors; in this survey, the Cronbach’s year of the MBI-HSS is 0 78 across the scale. Personal accomplishments are 0 842, 0 691 and 0 827 (Sun et al., 2017). A strong positive relationship is established between stressors and burnout in every nursing position. More professional stressors, such as onerous responsibilities and conflict with leader nursing, can cause fatigue. Medical and nursing staff is exposed to excessive emotional burdens from work and often feel physically and mentally exhausted; as they may know, relationship issues, news and executives have a place in the subtle power of the clinic. This observation shows that the humanistic care of the board of directors. The quality of pleasant interprofessional coordination efforts with nurse managers, specialists and nurses can ensure nurse burnout. Strong managers and positive, friendly workspaces ensure that nurses do not burn out. In addition, the regularization of nursing promotion is more suited to nursing than the traditional style. Avoiding emotional exhaustion with friendly help helps medical nurses monitor stress at work. Social assistance reduces the obvious anxiety and stress of the nurse (Sun et al., 2017). It can prevent emotional exhaustion. In this case, if the support of nursing executives or other partners decreases and conflicts with experts and nursing director’s increase, the consumption of passion will increase.

However, some medical nurses have changed jobs instead of leaving nursing altogether. Medical caregivers have experienced a wide range of emergencies because leaders in nursing need to keep their employees alive and motivate them to maintain the quality of patient care. Nurses responsible for monitoring various clinical situations will face particularly unique emergency factors in their work (Sun et al., 20170. With this in mind, understanding the overall burden of occupational stressors is critical to predicting physician nurse burnout to reduce nurse burnout fully.

Article 4

Qattan (2017) shows that the challenges to the medical field and nursing fraternity in SA Saudi Arabia (SA). Compared to developed countries, SA lacks assets in the field of medical services. The purpose of this survey is to determine the level and impact of stress and burnout among nurses at Jeddah Medical Clinic in SA on job satisfaction and job performance. Although the analysis of nursing-related stress in SA has existed, the relationship between Saudi medicine work stress and job satisfaction, burnout, and performance outcomes of medical nurses are still uncertain. The current social, social and strict environment in this area is entirely different from the areas that have been resolved, so investigations are needed to establish the anxiety of nurses serving the area about job satisfaction and performance results.

The above results highlight a major exclusion in SA’s current survey of pressure on medical nurses. Oversight of research in the most socially disparate regions of the country highlighted the missing literature on the impact of the internationalized population in western SA on medical and nursing staff pressure (Qattan, 2017). The region features key demographic associations and their impact on business-related pressures for medical nurses working in the region.

According to the analysis results, IMC nurses face higher business pressures than medical and nursing staff in public clinics. Likewise, with the discovery of business pressures, medical nurses in private clinics detailed the highest levels of burnout compared to ordinary people and nurses in clinics (Qattan, 2017). The number of IMC nurses is 650, serving a 300-bed emergency room. There are 47.8 medical nurses per 10,000 populations in SA, which will seriously affect the work dilemma among medical nurses (Qattan, 2017). Emergency room medical and nursing staff in SA differ in stress and burnout: nurses in private clinics experience higher job stress and burnout than nurses in public clinics.

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The level of professional performance of medical nurses is also affected by the degree of stress related to business, type of clinic, citizenship status and professional status of medical nurses. In addition, health workers who do not know Saudi nationals perform better than nurses residing in SA. On the contrary, full-time nurses perform better than low-maintenance or learning-type health workers do. Essentially, a previous survey of 135 nurses at private medical clinics in northern India used both the Maslach Burnout Scale and the Workplace Stress Scale (revised version), indicating that nurses in medical emergency rooms have moderate levels of burnout (Qattan, 20170. This may be related to other existing conditions, such as reasonable decentralized distribution, encouragement of feedback and continuous incentives from nurses, reducing the negative impact of weight on performance and satisfaction.

According to this analysis, the working relationship between nurses in public medical clinics is higher than the job satisfaction of working relationships between medical nurses in private medical clinics. This can be attributed to how they have been appointed to influential secondary positions, such as junior trainers, briefly leading a unit or gathering of medical nurses, or expanding responsibilities and demands; subsequently, they were more confident in professional success. The degree of business stress, type of emergency room, citizenship and work status of the nurse can also predict the professional performance of the medical nurse. The current analysis results indicate that healthcare workers in public emergency rooms do not perform well as nurses in private medical clinics (Qattan, 2017).


Mudallal, R. H., Othman, W. M., & Hassan, N. F. (2017). Nurses’ Burnout: The Influence of Leader Empowering Behaviors, Work Conditions, and Demographic Traits. INQUIRY: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing,54, 004695801772494. doi:10.1177/0046958017724944

Qattan, A. (2017). The Effect of Work-Related Stress and Burnout on Nursing Performance and Job Satisfaction: a Study of Hospitals in SA (Doctoral dissertation, University of Sheffield).

Rozo, J. A., Olson, D. M., Thu, H., & Stutzman, S. E. (2017). Situational factors associated with burnout among emergency department nurses. Workplace Health & Safety65(6), 262-265.

Sun, J. W., Bai, H. Y., Li, J. H., Lin, P. Z., Zhang, H. H., & Cao, F. L. (2017). Predictors of occupational burnout among nurses: a dominance analysis of job stressors. Journal of Clinical Nursing26(23-24), 4286-4292.

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