Improving results in the educational sector has been a key focus for the government in Morocco. An extensive period of restructuring was initiated in an attempt to create a long term vision for the future of young people. It was also hoped that by focusing on education, the socio and economic situation of the country would also improve
Any changes to university education created an immense amount of political discussion. It had to be decided on the future of university education and where resources would be best deployed.
Support from External bodies
In order for the country to establish a sustainable educational system, it required support. Various donors such as USAID and UNICEF contributed, developing programs to enhance and develop education at all levels while offering key training to providers. In 2016 the World Bank also provided help across all levels of education and established partnerships in an attempt to raise educational standards.
More Access to Education
In 2017, Morocco has attempted to create initiatives which enhance the education system. In particular, USAID partners with the Moroccan government and other organisations to enhance education quality. There was also a focus on student performance and creating more teaching posts and support staff to assist with the creation of quality learning materials.
A New Focus on English
Perhaps one of the most significant changes within the education system in recent years has been the transition from French to English as the main teaching language.
Without focusing on early education, there is very little hope of Moroccan children progressing into higher education. Currently there are 95% of school age children in Morocco enrolled in primary school which is a positive step. However, drop out rates are still high, with only 15% of first grade students graduating from high school. This has a knock on effect for students choosing to study at university.
There are many reasons why educational uptake in Morocco is not as high as it should be. Low daily attendance, a multi-lingual environment and high rates of teacher absences contribute to the current situation in the country’s education system.
With the help of partner agencies such as USAID, Morocco is undergoing a period of reform to improve access to education and transform the education system for the future.
Improvements to education will include focusing on quality, strengthening the skills of teachers and using technology as an aid to learning.