To ensure that you do not plagiarise in your work it is imperative that you correctly reference every source that you use. Any material taken from other sources (e.g. books, journal articles, websites, reports, working papers, lecture notes) must be fully referenced according to the Harvard System of Referencing (unless specified otherwise).

There are several variations of the Harvard Referencing System. We use this as standard.

Some clients request that you use Harvard (page numbers – Direct Quotes only); this means that you only need to provide page numbers for direct quotes within the work. Alternatively the client may request ‘Harvard (page numbers – All Sources)’. This means that you must include the page number in the text e.g. (Smith, 2006, p.14) as well as at the end of the paper in the references / bibliography section.

If the client requests a different referencing system (e.g. APA, MLA, etc.) this will be specified in the order details when you receive the original assignment brief and you must ensure that you meet this requirement. If you are unsure, you can ask the client to provide details on the referencing required.

Each and every paper must contain a full reference list detailing all the sources you consulted for this work, both from which you quoted directly and ones that helped you to get an understanding of the issue. The list should be in alphabetical order and numbered. You should take note of the minimum number of references we expect per assignment:

Up to 5,000 words At least 10 references per 1,000 words
Over 5,000 words At least 5 references per 1,000 words

Please note that if the client specifies that a reference list is not required, we still need a full reference list to be included for internal purposes.

Please avoid taking material from the Internet, especially from sources such as Wikipedia. You should generally use the Internet for information regarding news, company information, market data, etc. If you do not have an Athens Account, we suggest you subscribe to an article database, such as ProQuest or Questia, to have access to academic resources. Resources such as Google Books and Google Scholar may also be helpful.

Remember, your work may be of an outstanding quality but if it is poorly referenced then it will be almost worthless to the client. Without access to the sources that you have used, the paper will be of very little help to them.


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